Birmingham, AL Demographic Data

Birmingham, AL Summary

Birmingham is located in Jefferson County in Alabama
  • Population: 212,835
  • Area: 148.61 sq. miles
    • Land Area: 146.07 sq. miles
    • Water Area: 2.55 sq. miles
  • Population Density: 1,432.15 people per sq. mile
  • Elevation: 600.39 ft
  • Time Zone: Central Standard Time (GMT -6)
  • Daylight Savings: Yes

Alabama Heat Map by County Population

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Birmingham, AL Gender Breakdown

Gender
Number
Percent
National Avg
Female
112,789
53%
50.8
Male
102,122
48%
49.2
Total Population
214,911
 
321,419,000

Birmingham, AL Age Breakdown

Age Group
Number
Percent
National Avg
Under 5 Years
13,762
6.4% 
6.2
5 to 9 Years
13,452
6.3% 
6.4
10 to 14 Years
10,591
4.9% 
6.4
15 to 19 Years
12,216
5.7% 
6.7
20 to 24 Years
18,595
8.7% 
7.0
25 to 34 Years
37,171
17.3% 
13.7
35 to 44 Years
23,877
11.1% 
12.7
45 to 54 Years
26,144
12.2% 
13.4
55 to 59 Years
16,205
7.5% 
6.7
60 to 64 Years
13,169
6.1% 
6.0
65 to 74 Years
15,954
7.4% 
8.6
75 to 84 Years
9,509
4.4% 
4.4
85 Years and Over
4,266
2.0% 
1.9
Age Statistics
Number
Percent
National Avg
18 Years and over
170,174
79.2%
77.1
Female
91,089
53.5%
51.4
Male
79,085
46.5%
48.6
21 Years and over
161,903
75.3%
72.9
62 Years and over
37,767
17.6%
18.3
65 Years and over
29,729
13.8%
14.9
Female
18,138
61.0%
55.9
Male
11,591
39.0%
44.1
Median Age (years)
36
NR
NR

Birmingham, AL Race Breakdown

Race
Number
Percent
National Avg
One Race
212,638
98.9% 
96.9
White
49,826
23.2% 
73.1
Black or African American
156,354
72.8% 
12.7
American Indian and Alaska Native
438
0.2% 
0.8
Asian
1,394
0.6% 
5.4
Asian Indian
NR
NR 
1.2
Chinese
NR
NR 
1.3
Filipino
NR
NR 
0.9
Japanese
NR
NR 
0.2
Korean
NR
NR 
0.5
Vietnamese
NR
NR 
0.5
Other Asian
NR
NR 
0.8
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
0
0.0% 
0.2
Native Hawaiian
NR
NR 
0.1
Guamanian or Chamorro
NR
NR 
0.0
Samoan
NR
NR 
0.0
Other Pacific Islander
NR
NR 
0.1
Some Other Race
4,626
2.2% 
4.8
Two or More Races
2,273
1.1% 
3.1
Hispanic Statistics
Number
Percent
National Avg
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
8,940
4.2% 
17.6
Mexican
5,917
2.8% 
11.1
Puerto Rican
345
0.2% 
1.7
Cuban
292
0.1% 
0.7
Other Hispanic or Latino
2,386
1.1% 
4.1
Not Hispanic or Latino
205,971
95.8% 
82.4

Birmingham, AL Educational Attainment

Education Level
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 9th grade
4,806
3.3% 
5.5
9th to 12th grade, no diploma
14,100
9.6% 
7.3
High school graduate (includes equivalent)
42,744
29.2% 
27.6
Some college, no degree
37,013
25.3% 
20.7
Associate's Degree
10,616
7.3% 
8.2
Bachelor's Degree
24,347
16.6% 
19.0
Graduate or professional degree
12,669
8.7% 
11.6
Education Summary
Number
Percent
National Avg
< High School Graduate
18,906
12.9%
12.8
High School Graduate or Higher
127,389
87.1%
87.1
Bachelor's Degree or Higher
37,016
25.3%
30.6

Birmingham, AL Marital Status

Marital Status
Number
Percent
National Avg
Never Married
83,845
47.3%
33.5%
Now Married
45,627
25.8%
47.5
Divorced
27,842
15.7%
11.0%
Separated
6,378
3.6%
2.1
Widowed
13,414
7.6
5.8%

Birmingham, AL Language Spoken at Home

Language
Number
Percent
National Avg
English Only
188,932
93.9%
78.5%
Languages other than english
12,217
6.1%
21.5%
Spanish
NR
NR
13.3
Other indo-european languages
NR
NR
3.7
Asian and Pacific islander languages
NR
NR
3.5
Other Languages
NR
NR
1

Birmingham, AL Household Income

Household Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than $10,000
13,917
0.0%
0.0
$10,000 to $14,999
8,382
0.0%
0.0
$15,000 to $24,999
16,348
0.0%
0.0
$25,000 to $34,999
10,341
0.0%
0.0
$35,000 to $49,999
13,049
0.0%
0.0
$50,000 to $74,999
14,940
0.0%
0.0
$75,000 to $99,999
7,536
0.0%
0.0
$100,000 to $149,000
6,120
0.0%
0.0
$150,000 to $199,999
1,577
0.0%
0.0
$200,000 or more
1,257
0.0%
0.0
Median household income
32,378
 
55,775
Per capita income
20,817
 
29,979

Birmingham, AL Employment Breakdown

Industry
Number
Percent
National Avg
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting and mining
300
0.3%
1.9
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services
10,224
10.7%
9.8
Construction
3,715
3.9%
6.4
Educational services, health care and social assistance
25,070
26.3%
22.9
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing
6,874
7.2%
6.5
Information
2,327
2.4%
2.1
Manufacturing
8,615
9.0%
10.3
Other services except public administration
5,239
5.5%
4.9
Professional, scientific, management, administrative and waste management services
10,500
11.0%
11.3
Public administration
5,338
5.6%
4.6
Retail trade
9,659
10.1%
11.5
Transportation, warehousing and utilities
4,738
5.0%
5.1
Wholesale trade
2,877
3.0%
2.7
Occupation
Number
Percent
National Avg
Construction, extraction, maintenance, and repair occupations
5,223
5.5%
9.0%
Management, professional, and related occupations
30,012
31.4%
37.1%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations
13,459
14.1%
12.3%
Sales and office occupations
22,898
24.0%
23.6%
Service occupations
23,884
25.0%
18.0%

Birmingham, AL Commute Statistics

Commute Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Workers 16 Years and over
93,630
 
 
Car, truck, or van - drove alone
74,218
79.3%
76.6
Car, truck, or van - carpooled
11,861
12.7%
9.0
Public transportation (excluding taxicab)
1,969
2.1%
5.2
Walked
2,576
2.8%
2.8
Other means
1,457
1.6%
1.8
Worked at home
1,549
1.7%
4.6
Mean travel time to work (Minutes)
21.0
 
26.0

Birmingham, AL Vehicles per Household

Vehicles per Household
Number
Percent
National Avg
None
14,766
15.8%
8.9
1 vehicles
42,886
45.9%
33.5
2 vehicles
23,810
25.5%
37.2
3 or more
12,005
12.8%
20.3

Birmingham, AL Housing Occupancy

Housing Occupancy
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
 
 
Occupied Housing Units
93,467
80.9%
87.7
Owner Occupied
41,091
44.0%
63.0
Renter Occupied
52,376
56.0%
37.0
Vacant Housing Units
22,086
19.1%
12.3
Homeowner Vacancy Rate
0
NR
NR
Rental Vacancy Rate
7
NR
NR
Average household size of owner-occupied unit
2.0
NR
3.0
Average household size of renter-occupied unit
2.0
NR
3.0

Birmingham, AL Rooms per Residence

Rooms per Residence
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
115,553
1 room
3,440
3.0%
2.3
2 rooms
3,012
2.6%
2.5
3 rooms
12,824
11.1%
9.0
4 rooms
21,385
18.5%
16.6
5 rooms
24,769
21.4%
20.0
6 rooms
22,603
19.6%
17.9
7 rooms
12,078
10.5%
12.1
8 rooms
7,265
6.3%
8.5
9 rooms or more
8,177
7.1%
11.1
Median Rooms
5
 

Birmingham, AL Structure Type Statistics

Structure Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
115,553
 
 
1-unit, detached
67,254
58.2%
61.4
1-unit, attached
2,130
1.8%
5.8
2-units
2,273
2.0%
3.7
3 or 4 units
6,823
5.9%
4.5
5 to 9 units
10,905
9.4%
4.8
10 to 19 units
11,854
10.3%
4.6
20 or more units
13,466
11.7%
8.8
Mobile home
720
0.6%
6.3
Boat, RV, van, etc.
128
0.1%
0.1

Birmingham, AL Housing Age Statistics

Housing Age
Number
Percent
National Avg
1939 or earlier
19,274
16.7%
13.0%
1940 to 1949
11,897
10.3%
5.1%
1950 to 1959
20,450
17.7%
10.5%
1960 to 1969
16,671
14.4%
10.8%
1970 to 1979
17,235
14.9%
15.5%
1980 to 1989
10,285
8.9%
13.6%
1990 to 1999
5,545
4.8%
14.0%
2000 to 2009
12,313
10.7%
14.5%
2010 to 2013
1,883
1.6%
2.5%
2014 or later
0
0.0%
0.5%

Birmingham, AL Household Heating

Heating Fuel Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Utility Gas
NR
NR
48.2
Bottled, tank, or LP gas
NR
NR
4.7
Electricity
NR
NR
38.2
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.
NR
NR
5.1
Coal or coke
NR
NR
0.1
Wood
NR
NR
2.0
Solar energy
NR
NR
0.1
Other fuel
NR
NR
0.5
No fuel used
NR
NR
1.2

Birmingham, AL Mortgage Statistics

Mortgage Payments
Number
Percent
National Avg
Housing units with a mortgage
24,496
 
47140700.0
$3,000 or more
245
1.0%
9.9%
$2,500 to $2,999
412
1.7%
6.8%
Less than $500
542
2.2%
1.5%
$2,000 to $2,499
1,039
4.2%
11.8%
$1,500 to 1,999
3,804
15.5%
20.3%
$1,000 to 1,499
8,047
32.9%
29.2%
$500 to $999
10,407
42.5%
20.5%
Mortgage Payment as % of Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 20.0%
9,135
37.4%
43.6%
20.0% to 24.9%
2,943
12.0%
15.9%
25.0% to 29.9%
2,575
10.5%
10.9%
30.0% to 34.9%
1,914
7.8%
7.3%
35.0% or more
7,865
32.2%
22.3%
Not Computed
64
NR
NR

Birmingham, AL Rent Statistics

Rent Payment Amount
Number
Percent
National Avg
Occupied Units Paying Rent
49,698 
 
41,410,200 
$2,500 to $2,999
0
0.0%
1.7%
$2,000 to $2,499
64
0.1%
4.1%
$3,000 or more
261
0.5%
1.5%
$1,500 to $1,999
1,677
3.4%
11.0%
$1,000 to $1,499
9,394
18.9%
27.9%
Less than $500
10,325
20.8%
11.0%
$500 to $999
27,977
56.3%
42.7%
No Cash Rent
2,678
NR
2,291,570
Median (Dollars)
743
NR
959
Rent Payment as % of Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 15.0%
5,424
11.3%
12.6%
15.0% to 19.9%
6,387
13.3%
12.5%
20.0% to 24.9%
5,072
10.5%
12.8%
25.0% to 29.9%
5,521
11.5%
11.5%
30.0% to 34.9%
3,762
7.8%
9.2%
35.0% or more
21,934
45.6%
41.4%
Not Computed
4,276
NR
NR

Birmingham, AL Property Value

Property Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Specified Owner-Occupied Units
41,091
 
74,506,500
Less then $50,000
6,653
16.2%
7.5%
$50,000 to $99,999
15,951
38.8%
7.5%
$100,000 to $149,000
6,165
15.0%
15.0%
$150,000 to $199,000
5,141
12.5%
14.8%
$200,000 to $299,999
3,688
9.0%
18.8%
$300,000 to $499,999
1,967
4.8%
17.3%
$500,000 to $999,999
1,113
2.7%
9.7%
$1,000,000 or more
413
1.0%
2.7%
Median (Dollars)
93,000
 
194,500
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