Houston, TX Demographic Data

Houston, TX Summary

Houston is located in Harris County in Texas
  • Population: 2,161,686
  • Area: 627.50 sq. miles
    • Land Area: 599.59 sq. miles
    • Water Area: 27.91 sq. miles
  • Population Density: 3,444.94 people per sq. mile
  • Elevation: 49.21 ft
  • Time Zone: Central Standard Time (GMT -6)
  • Daylight Savings: Yes

Texas Heat Map by County Population

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Houston, TX Gender Breakdown

Gender
Number
Percent
National Avg
Female
1,148,940
50%
50.8
Male
1,149,690
50%
49.2
Total Population
2,298,630
 
321,419,000

Houston, TX Age Breakdown

Age Group
Number
Percent
National Avg
Under 5 Years
176,364
7.7% 
6.2
5 to 9 Years
170,213
7.4% 
6.4
10 to 14 Years
151,884
6.6% 
6.4
15 to 19 Years
145,638
6.3% 
6.7
20 to 24 Years
182,621
7.9% 
7.0
25 to 34 Years
417,068
18.1% 
13.7
35 to 44 Years
326,456
14.2% 
12.7
45 to 54 Years
273,600
11.9% 
13.4
55 to 59 Years
121,775
5.3% 
6.7
60 to 64 Years
111,216
4.8% 
6.0
65 to 74 Years
132,980
5.8% 
8.6
75 to 84 Years
64,596
2.8% 
4.4
85 Years and Over
24,217
1.1% 
1.9
Age Statistics
Number
Percent
National Avg
18 Years and over
1,711,050
74.4%
77.1
Female
857,882
50.1%
51.4
Male
853,165
49.9%
48.6
21 Years and over
1,620,400
70.5%
72.9
62 Years and over
286,275
12.5%
18.3
65 Years and over
221,793
9.6%
14.9
Female
125,691
56.7%
55.9
Male
96,102
43.3%
44.1
Median Age (years)
33
NR
NR

Houston, TX Race Breakdown

Race
Number
Percent
National Avg
One Race
2,255,850
98.1% 
96.9
White
1,351,050
58.8% 
73.1
Black or African American
512,039
22.3% 
12.7
American Indian and Alaska Native
6,484
0.3% 
0.8
Asian
159,292
6.9% 
5.4
Asian Indian
35,341
1.5% 
1.2
Chinese
38,334
1.7% 
1.3
Filipino
13,110
0.6% 
0.9
Japanese
4,387
0.2% 
0.2
Korean
5,894
0.3% 
0.5
Vietnamese
35,336
1.5% 
0.5
Other Asian
26,890
1.2% 
0.8
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
901
0.0% 
0.2
Native Hawaiian
NR
NR 
0.1
Guamanian or Chamorro
NR
NR 
0.0
Samoan
NR
NR 
0.0
Other Pacific Islander
NR
NR 
0.1
Some Other Race
226,090
9.8% 
4.8
Two or More Races
42,774
1.9% 
3.1
Hispanic Statistics
Number
Percent
National Avg
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
1,028,150
44.7% 
17.6
Mexican
752,786
32.7% 
11.1
Puerto Rican
11,226
0.5% 
1.7
Cuban
13,987
0.6% 
0.7
Other Hispanic or Latino
250,149
10.9% 
4.1
Not Hispanic or Latino
1,270,480
55.3% 
82.4

Houston, TX Educational Attainment

Education Level
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 9th grade
199,699
13.6% 
5.5
9th to 12th grade, no diploma
128,231
8.7% 
7.3
High school graduate (includes equivalent)
341,559
23.2% 
27.6
Some college, no degree
271,522
18.4% 
20.7
Associate's Degree
76,656
5.2% 
8.2
Bachelor's Degree
277,222
18.8% 
19.0
Graduate or professional degree
177,019
12.0% 
11.6
Education Summary
Number
Percent
National Avg
< High School Graduate
327,930
22.3%
12.8
High School Graduate or Higher
1,143,978
77.6%
87.1
Bachelor's Degree or Higher
454,241
30.8%
30.6

Houston, TX Marital Status

Marital Status
Number
Percent
National Avg
Never Married
741,410
41.2%
33.5%
Now Married
737,695
41.0%
47.5
Divorced
181,232
10.1%
11.0%
Separated
61,798
3.4%
2.1
Widowed
78,032
4.3
5.8%

Houston, TX Language Spoken at Home

Language
Number
Percent
National Avg
English Only
1,075,410
50.7%
78.5%
Languages other than english
1,046,860
49.3%
21.5%
Spanish
825,216
38.9%
13.3%
Other indo-european languages
83,171
3.9%
3.7%
Asian and Pacific islander languages
95,528
4.5%
3.5%
Other Languages
42,942
2.0%
1.0%

Houston, TX Household Income

Household Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than $10,000
67,800
0.0%
0.0
$10,000 to $14,999
50,165
0.0%
0.0
$15,000 to $24,999
104,624
0.0%
0.0
$25,000 to $34,999
95,120
0.0%
0.0
$35,000 to $49,999
119,867
0.0%
0.0
$50,000 to $74,999
142,105
0.0%
0.0
$75,000 to $99,999
83,288
0.0%
0.0
$100,000 to $149,000
87,776
0.0%
0.0
$150,000 to $199,999
40,580
0.0%
0.0
$200,000 or more
58,649
0.0%
0.0
Median household income
48,064
 
55,775
Per capita income
29,310
 
29,979

Houston, TX Employment Breakdown

Industry
Number
Percent
National Avg
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting and mining
36,097
3.2%
1.9
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services
117,760
10.4%
9.8
Construction
124,556
11.0%
6.4
Educational services, health care and social assistance
207,099
18.3%
22.9
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing
71,672
6.3%
6.5
Information
14,017
1.2%
2.1
Manufacturing
91,035
8.0%
10.3
Other services except public administration
63,695
5.6%
4.9
Professional, scientific, management, administrative and waste management services
154,065
13.6%
11.3
Public administration
24,772
2.2%
4.6
Retail trade
126,125
11.1%
11.5
Transportation, warehousing and utilities
67,670
6.0%
5.1
Wholesale trade
35,472
3.1%
2.7
Occupation
Number
Percent
National Avg
Construction, extraction, maintenance, and repair occupations
136,861
12.1%
9.0%
Management, professional, and related occupations
381,445
33.6%
37.1%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations
144,977
12.8%
12.3%
Sales and office occupations
251,011
22.1%
23.6%
Service occupations
219,741
19.4%
18.0%

Houston, TX Commute Statistics

Commute Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Workers 16 Years and over
1,113,450
 
 
Car, truck, or van - drove alone
859,335
77.2%
76.6
Car, truck, or van - carpooled
116,415
10.5%
9.0
Public transportation (excluding taxicab)
44,996
4.0%
5.2
Walked
23,090
2.1%
2.8
Other means
28,667
2.6%
1.8
Worked at home
40,944
3.7%
4.6
Mean travel time to work (Minutes)
27.0
 
26.0

Houston, TX Vehicles per Household

Vehicles per Household
Number
Percent
National Avg
None
70,163
8.3%
8.9
1 vehicles
371,803
43.7%
33.5
2 vehicles
293,507
34.5%
37.2
3 or more
114,501
13.5%
20.3

Houston, TX Housing Occupancy

Housing Occupancy
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
 
 
Occupied Housing Units
849,974
89.8%
87.7
Owner Occupied
351,584
41.4%
63.0
Renter Occupied
498,390
58.6%
37.0
Vacant Housing Units
96,597
10.2%
12.3
Homeowner Vacancy Rate
2
NR
NR
Rental Vacancy Rate
8
NR
NR
Average household size of owner-occupied unit
3.0
NR
3.0
Average household size of renter-occupied unit
3.0
NR
3.0

Houston, TX Rooms per Residence

Rooms per Residence
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
946,571
1 room
28,841
3.0%
2.3
2 rooms
36,741
3.9%
2.5
3 rooms
182,396
19.3%
9.0
4 rooms
193,532
20.4%
16.6
5 rooms
187,789
19.8%
20.0
6 rooms
142,545
15.1%
17.9
7 rooms
78,285
8.3%
12.1
8 rooms
46,708
4.9%
8.5
9 rooms or more
49,734
5.3%
11.1
Median Rooms
5
 

Houston, TX Structure Type Statistics

Structure Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
946,571
 
 
1-unit, detached
414,983
43.8%
61.4
1-unit, attached
52,289
5.5%
5.8
2-units
15,764
1.7%
3.7
3 or 4 units
35,945
3.8%
4.5
5 to 9 units
73,820
7.8%
4.8
10 to 19 units
138,916
14.7%
4.6
20 or more units
205,737
21.7%
8.8
Mobile home
8,572
0.9%
6.3
Boat, RV, van, etc.
545
0.1%
0.1

Houston, TX Housing Age Statistics

Housing Age
Number
Percent
National Avg
1939 or earlier
40,431
4.3%
13.0%
1940 to 1949
40,006
4.2%
5.1%
1950 to 1959
100,299
10.6%
10.5%
1960 to 1969
127,736
13.5%
10.8%
1970 to 1979
222,060
23.5%
15.5%
1980 to 1989
134,739
14.2%
13.6%
1990 to 1999
95,122
10.0%
14.0%
2000 to 2009
143,095
15.1%
14.5%
2010 to 2013
35,799
3.8%
2.5%
2014 or later
7,284
0.8%
0.5%

Houston, TX Household Heating

Heating Fuel Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Utility Gas
285,657
33.6%
48.2
Bottled, tank, or LP gas
5,562
0.7%
4.7
Electricity
553,271
65.1%
38.2
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.
731
0.1%
5.1
Coal or coke
0
0.0%
0.1
Wood
360
0.0%
2.0
Solar energy
0
0.0%
0.1
Other fuel
452
0.1%
0.5
No fuel used
3,941
0.5%
1.2

Houston, TX Mortgage Statistics

Mortgage Payments
Number
Percent
National Avg
Housing units with a mortgage
194,283
 
47140700.0
Less than $500
1,430
0.7%
1.5%
$2,500 to $2,999
13,888
7.1%
6.8%
$2,000 to $2,499
21,089
10.9%
11.8%
$3,000 or more
24,281
12.5%
9.9%
$500 to $999
32,575
16.8%
20.5%
$1,500 to 1,999
35,452
18.2%
20.3%
$1,000 to 1,499
65,568
33.7%
29.2%
Mortgage Payment as % of Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 20.0%
88,602
45.9%
43.6%
20.0% to 24.9%
28,435
14.7%
15.9%
25.0% to 29.9%
20,164
10.4%
10.9%
30.0% to 34.9%
13,116
6.8%
7.3%
35.0% or more
42,653
22.1%
22.3%
Not Computed
1,313
NR
NR

Houston, TX Rent Statistics

Rent Payment Amount
Number
Percent
National Avg
Occupied Units Paying Rent
485,097 
 
41,410,200 
$2,500 to $2,999
6,324
1.3%
1.7%
$3,000 or more
6,344
1.3%
1.5%
$2,000 to $2,499
12,229
2.5%
4.1%
Less than $500
22,357
4.6%
11.0%
$1,500 to $1,999
40,648
8.4%
11.0%
$1,000 to $1,499
138,203
28.5%
27.9%
$500 to $999
258,992
53.4%
42.7%
No Cash Rent
13,293
NR
2,291,570
Median (Dollars)
923
NR
959
Rent Payment as % of Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 15.0%
60,149
12.7%
12.6%
15.0% to 19.9%
62,142
13.1%
12.5%
20.0% to 24.9%
58,482
12.3%
12.8%
25.0% to 29.9%
53,931
11.4%
11.5%
30.0% to 34.9%
43,567
9.2%
9.2%
35.0% or more
195,370
41.2%
41.4%
Not Computed
24,749
NR
NR

Houston, TX Property Value

Property Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Specified Owner-Occupied Units
351,584
 
74,506,500
Less then $50,000
22,723
6.5%
7.5%
$50,000 to $99,999
83,076
23.6%
7.5%
$100,000 to $149,000
67,606
19.2%
15.0%
$150,000 to $199,000
42,920
12.2%
14.8%
$200,000 to $299,999
42,675
12.1%
18.8%
$300,000 to $499,999
49,492
14.1%
17.3%
$500,000 to $999,999
31,783
9.0%
9.7%
$1,000,000 or more
11,309
3.2%
2.7%
Median (Dollars)
152,200
 
194,500
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