Birmingham, AL Demographic Data

Birmingham, AL Summary

Birmingham is located in Jefferson County in Alabama
  • Population: 212,835
  • Area: 148.61 sq. miles
    • Land Area: 146.07 sq. miles
    • Water Area: 2.55 sq. miles
  • Population Density: 1,432.15 people per sq. mile
  • Elevation: 600.39 ft
  • Time Zone: Central Standard Time (GMT -6)
  • Daylight Savings: Yes

Alabama Heat Map by County Population

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Birmingham, AL Gender Breakdown

Gender
Number
Percent
National Avg
Female
112,832
53%
50.8
Male
100,602
47%
49.2
Total Population
213,434
 
323,128,000

Birmingham, AL Age Breakdown

Age Group
Number
Percent
National Avg
Under 5 Years
13,016
6.1% 
6.1
5 to 9 Years
13,742
6.4% 
6.3
10 to 14 Years
11,152
5.2% 
6.4
15 to 19 Years
13,368
6.3% 
6.7
20 to 24 Years
15,931
7.5% 
6.9
25 to 34 Years
36,712
17.2% 
13.7
35 to 44 Years
26,585
12.5% 
12.6
45 to 54 Years
25,366
11.9% 
13.2
55 to 59 Years
15,808
7.4% 
6.7
60 to 64 Years
11,725
5.5% 
6.1
65 to 74 Years
16,716
7.8% 
8.9
75 to 84 Years
8,827
4.1% 
4.4
85 Years and Over
4,486
2.1% 
1.9
Age Statistics
Number
Percent
National Avg
18 Years and over
168,216
78.8%
77.2
Female
90,414
53.7%
51.3
Male
77,802
46.3%
48.7
21 Years and over
158,322
74.2%
73.1
62 Years and over
37,379
17.5%
18.8
65 Years and over
30,029
14.1%
15.2
Female
17,848
59.4%
55.8
Male
12,181
40.6%
44.2
Median Age (years)
36
0.0%
0.0

Birmingham, AL Race Breakdown

Race
Number
Percent
National Avg
One Race
210,052
98.4% 
96.8
White
52,557
24.6% 
72.6
Black or African American
152,114
71.3% 
12.7
American Indian and Alaska Native
490
0.2% 
0.8
Asian
1,429
0.7% 
5.4
Asian Indian
 
1.2
Chinese
 
1.3
Filipino
 
0.9
Japanese
 
0.2
Korean
 
0.4
Vietnamese
 
0.6
Other Asian
 
0.8
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
0
0.0% 
0.2
Native Hawaiian
 
0.1
Guamanian or Chamorro
 
0.0
Samoan
 
0.0
Other Pacific Islander
 
0.1
Some Other Race
3,462
1.6% 
5.1
Two or More Races
3,382
1.6% 
3.2
Hispanic Statistics
Number
Percent
National Avg
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
7,603
3.6% 
17.8
Mexican
4,791
2.2% 
11.2
Puerto Rican
570
0.3% 
1.7
Cuban
153
0.1% 
0.7
Other Hispanic or Latino
2,089
1.0% 
4.2
Not Hispanic or Latino
205,831
96.4% 
82.2

Birmingham, AL Educational Attainment

Education Level
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 9th grade
4,668
3.2% 
5.4
9th to 12th grade, no diploma
17,649
12.1% 
7.2
High school graduate (includes equivalent)
40,858
27.9% 
27.2
Some college, no degree
32,375
22.1% 
20.6
Associate's Degree
11,544
7.9% 
8.4
Bachelor's Degree
24,699
16.9% 
19.3
Graduate or professional degree
14,432
9.9% 
11.9
Education Summary
Number
Percent
National Avg
< High School Graduate
22,317
15.3%
12.6
High School Graduate or Higher
123,908
84.7%
87.4
Bachelor's Degree or Higher
39,131
26.8%
31.2

Birmingham, AL Marital Status

Marital Status
Number
Percent
National Avg
Never Married
81,450
46.4%
33.7%
Now Married
52,066
29.7%
47.5
Divorced
23,977
13.7%
11.0%
Separated
6,698
3.8%
2.0
Widowed
11,333
6.5
5.8%

Birmingham, AL Language Spoken at Home

Language
Number
Percent
National Avg
English Only
190,278
94.9%
78.4%
Languages other than english
10,140
5.1%
21.6%
Spanish
13.3
Other indo-european languages
3.7
Asian and Pacific islander languages
3.5
Other Languages
1.1

Birmingham, AL Household Income

Household Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than $10,000
13,274
14.7%
6.7
$10,000 to $14,999
6,400
7.1%
4.8
$15,000 to $24,999
13,508
15.0%
9.7
$25,000 to $34,999
10,661
11.8%
9.5
$35,000 to $49,999
12,205
13.5%
13.0
$50,000 to $74,999
16,860
18.7%
17.7
$75,000 to $99,999
6,945
7.7%
12.3
$100,000 to $149,000
6,538
7.3%
14.0
$150,000 to $199,999
1,657
1.8%
5.8
$200,000 or more
2,069
2.3%
6.4
Median household income
36,241
 
57,617
Per capita income
23,432
 
31,128

Birmingham, AL Employment Breakdown

Industry
Number
Percent
National Avg
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting and mining
198
0.2%
1.7
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services
10,806
11.2%
9.8
Construction
3,579
3.7%
6.4
Educational services, health care and social assistance
24,972
26.0%
23.0
Finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing
6,882
7.2%
6.6
Information
2,803
2.9%
2.1
Manufacturing
8,398
8.7%
10.1
Other services except public administration
4,948
5.1%
4.9
Professional, scientific, management, administrative and waste management services
10,333
10.7%
11.4
Public administration
3,383
3.5%
4.6
Retail trade
13,184
13.7%
11.5
Transportation, warehousing and utilities
5,218
5.4%
5.2
Wholesale trade
1,518
1.6%
2.7
Occupation
Number
Percent
National Avg
Construction, extraction, maintenance, and repair occupations
5,299
5.5%
8.8%
Management, professional, and related occupations
31,887
33.1%
37.6%
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations
12,936
13.4%
12.2%
Sales and office occupations
25,772
26.8%
23.3%
Service occupations
20,328
21.1%
18.1%

Birmingham, AL Commute Statistics

Commute Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Workers 16 Years and over
94,213
 
 
Car, truck, or van - drove alone
76,784
81.5%
76.3
Car, truck, or van - carpooled
10,727
11.4%
9.0
Public transportation (excluding taxicab)
1,678
1.8%
5.1
Walked
1,999
2.1%
2.7
Other means
1,820
1.9%
1.8
Worked at home
1,205
1.3%
5.0
Mean travel time to work (Minutes)
21.6
 
26.6

Birmingham, AL Vehicles per Household

Vehicles per Household
Number
Percent
National Avg
None
11,082
12.3%
8.7
1 vehicles
41,229
45.8%
33.2
2 vehicles
25,297
28.1%
37.1
3 or more
12,509
13.9%
21.0

Birmingham, AL Housing Occupancy

Housing Occupancy
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
 
 
Occupied Housing Units
90,117
78.8%
87.6
Owner Occupied
41,404
45.9%
63.1
Renter Occupied
48,713
54.1%
36.9
Vacant Housing Units
24,254
21.2%
12.4
Homeowner Vacancy Rate
1
0.0%
0.0
Rental Vacancy Rate
10
0.0%
0.0
Average household size of owner-occupied unit
2.3
0.0%
2.7
Average household size of renter-occupied unit
2.3
0.0%
2.5

Birmingham, AL Rooms per Residence

Rooms per Residence
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
114,371
1 room
3,656
3.2%
2.4
2 rooms
2,045
1.8%
2.7
3 rooms
10,840
9.5%
9.1
4 rooms
22,262
19.5%
16.5
5 rooms
23,093
20.2%
19.8
6 rooms
23,293
20.4%
17.8
7 rooms
14,423
12.6%
12.0
8 rooms
7,585
6.6%
8.6
9 rooms or more
7,174
6.3%
11.1
Median Rooms
5
 
0.0

Birmingham, AL Structure Type Statistics

Structure Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Total Housing Units
114,371
 
 
1-unit, detached
71,358
62.4%
61.5
1-unit, attached
1,529
1.3%
5.9
2-units
2,097
1.8%
3.6
3 or 4 units
6,007
5.3%
4.4
5 to 9 units
9,795
8.6%
4.8
10 to 19 units
9,548
8.3%
4.4
20 or more units
13,239
11.6%
9.0
Mobile home
798
0.7%
6.2
Boat, RV, van, etc.
0
0.0%
0.1

Birmingham, AL Housing Age Statistics

Housing Age
Number
Percent
National Avg
1939 or earlier
18,150
15.9%
12.8%
1940 to 1949
12,166
10.6%
5.0%
1950 to 1959
22,878
20.0%
10.4%
1960 to 1969
16,944
14.8%
10.7%
1970 to 1979
15,348
13.4%
15.3%
1980 to 1989
10,980
9.6%
13.5%
1990 to 1999
7,697
6.7%
13.9%
2000 to 2009
6,640
5.8%
14.2%
2010 to 2013
3,258
2.8%
2.8%
2014 or later
310
0.3%
1.4%

Birmingham, AL Household Heating

Heating Fuel Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Utility Gas
44,054
48.9%
48.1
Bottled, tank, or LP gas
729
0.8%
4.7
Electricity
44,568
49.5%
38.7
Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.
276
0.3%
4.8
Coal or coke
41
0.0%
0.1
Wood
107
0.1%
1.9
Solar energy
0
0.0%
0.1
Other fuel
0
0.0%
0.5
No fuel used
342
0.4%
1.1

Birmingham, AL Mortgage Statistics

Mortgage Payments
Number
Percent
National Avg
Housing units with a mortgage
22,915
 
47295100.0
$2,500 to $2,999
275
1.2%
7.0%
$3,000 or more
555
2.4%
10.3%
Less than $500
584
2.5%
1.6%
$2,000 to $2,499
789
3.4%
11.8%
$1,500 to $1,999
2,955
12.9%
20.1%
$1,000 to $1,499
7,792
34.0%
28.8%
$500 to $999
9,965
43.5%
20.4%
Mortgage Payment as % of Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 20.0%
10,199
44.8%
45.4%
20.0% to 24.9%
3,241
14.2%
15.7%
25.0% to 29.9%
1,517
6.7%
10.6%
30.0% to 34.9%
1,210
5.3%
7.0%
35.0% or more
6,605
29.0%
21.3%
Not Computed
143
0.0%
0.0%

Birmingham, AL Rent Statistics

Rent Payment Amount
Number
Percent
National Avg
Occupied Units Paying Rent
45,367 
 
41,631,300 
$2,500 to $2,999
0
0.0%
1.9%
$3,000 or more
0
0.0%
1.8%
$2,000 to $2,499
335
0.7%
4.4%
$1,500 to $1,999
1,332
2.9%
11.9%
Less than $500
8,153
18.0%
10.7%
$1,000 to $1,499
12,397
27.3%
28.3%
$500 to $999
23,150
51.0%
41.0%
No Cash Rent
3,346
0.0%
2,206,240
Median (Dollars)
777
0.0%
981
Rent Payment as % of Income
Number
Percent
National Avg
Less than 15.0%
5,585
12.9%
13.1%
15.0% to 19.9%
5,652
13.0%
12.9%
20.0% to 24.9%
5,126
11.8%
12.8%
25.0% to 29.9%
4,254
9.8%
11.5%
30.0% to 34.9%
3,426
7.9%
9.0%
35.0% or more
19,356
44.6%
40.7%
Not Computed
5,314
0.0%
0.0%

Birmingham, AL Property Value

Property Type
Number
Percent
National Avg
Specified Owner-Occupied Units
41,404
 
75,022,600
Less then $50,000
6,055
14.6%
7.3%
$50,000 to $99,999
17,121
41.4%
7.3%
$100,000 to $149,000
5,845
14.1%
14.1%
$150,000 to $199,000
4,581
11.1%
14.5%
$200,000 to $299,999
4,630
11.2%
19.2%
$300,000 to $499,999
1,877
4.5%
18.2%
$500,000 to $999,999
1,117
2.7%
10.5%
$1,000,000 or more
178
0.4%
3.1%
Median (Dollars)
88,500
 
205,000
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